Market Terminology

The Marketing Terms Glossary You Need
The Marketing Terms Glossary You Need

The International Diploma in Risk Management builds upon the foundations of the International Certificate, providing in-depth knowledge across a further four modules. Successful completion of the International Diploma allows you to use the designation CMIRM after your name.

Risk management involves understanding, analysing and addressing risk to make sure organisations achieve their objectives. So it must be proportionate to the complexity and type of organisation involved. Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is an integrated and joined up approach to managing risk across an organisation and its extended networks.

Every Single Thing You Need to Know About the VIX

If English is not your preferred language

you might also optionally print a Check Sheet from your Trend Analysis template itself.

Simply unprotect the sheet. (there is no password)

Marketing definitions
Marketing definitions

A great broker with a free and unlimited demo account is IQOption. There’s no doubt that this broker is your very first choice when you’re new to binary options trading. You can make use of their unlimited demo account or deposit $10 to trade with $1 options – a perfect start for you! Click here to start trading for free (RISK WARNING: YOUR CAPITAL MIGHT BE AT RISK)!

One way that demo trading is promoted by brokers is as a way for new traders to familiarise themselves with the different trading platform. Binary options trading platforms often differ slightly and many provide different features or specialise in a specific type of binary option. Uisng the demo therefore not only prevents any problems whilst trading live but it also allows traders to test their skills on the range of different features provided by different binary options brokers.

Another reason is that brokers are like any company that wants to make money. Demo traders do not provide them with any revenue but they still have to provide them with an expensively-designed platform, access to live prices and execution of their virtual orders. Whilst a computer does most of this work, it is still maintained at a cost by the broker. This is why many binary options brokers who do offer a free demo account will only do this once an initial deposit has been made. It is not difficult to imagine that almost all traders will not be able to resist the temptation to move, after a bit of successful practice, from their demo account to the real account if they have already deposited in to this. Of course, binary options brokers are businesses and, just as traders want to make money through their platforms, so do they.

Demo accounts allow traders to purchase binary options using virtual money whilst still maintaining the regular features of a real trading account. This means that binary options can be purchased in exactly the same way as they would be in the real market and the prices that you see reflect the real, live trading prices. This makes demo trading different to a simple simulation of the markets and explains why they are so popular, even with experienced investors who use them as valuable strategy-testing tools. Trading via a demo account is a completely free service and you will never part with, or unfortunately gain, any money through trading on a demo platform.

There are different types of demo accounts and some brokers have been very creative:

The main problem is that there are just a few platforms that are being used by lots of brokers. For example there are 3 large platforms with dozens of brokers each – this is a huge proportion of the market. If these three platforms don’t allow paper trading it’s hard to change that as a broker and offer such an account. Currently there are just a few binary options demo accounts for novice traders but, as the market expands and more brokers try to be more competitive to win your loyalty, this will undoubtably increase.

Essentially, demo accounts are made for new traders or for those that want to enjoy the excitement of trading but without risking any capital. There are also those who are experienced traders and maintain a demo trading account in order to develop and forward-test their current strategies before using them in the real markets. For novice traders, the trading practice that demo accounts offer is also a very valuable and beneficial way of learning to trade. Purchasing binary options on a demo account is entirely risk free, although some argue that knowing this makes traders change their trading style when compared to how they would act when risking real money in the markets. Although it is likely that a trader will not be so relaxed about losing a large amount of trading capital in the real markets, the use of demo accounts are still the closest thing that traders have to zero-risk trading. Although the finacial risks do not exist, demo trading provides a good indication to any trader of whether they are likely to be profitable should they choose to trade binary options for real.

Stock Market Terminology Infographic - Timothy Sykes
Stock Market Terminology Infographic - Timothy Sykes

If you're no longer employed by the company, you can roll the funds over to an IRA, or cash in the 401(k) plan. Think twice about cashing in though: if you cash in you'll void valuable creditor protection that stays in place when you keep the funds in the plan.

If are still employed by the company that manages your 401(k) plan, you are not an owner, and you do not wish to take a distribution, your plan may offer an exception to these mandatory distributions. You will have to check with your plan administrator to see if they allow an exception to the required minimum distribution rules if you are still working at age 70 1/2.

If you're under age 55, and you still work for the company that manages your 401(k) plan, you'll have only two options (assuming the options are made available by your employer).

To tap 401(k) funds, you'll need to either take a 401(k) loan or a hardship withdrawal.

Age 70 1/2 is the age that required minimum distributions start.

Retired. If you are retired, terminated employment after reaching age 55, and still have funds in your 401(k) plan, you can access them at age 59 1/2 and pay no early withdrawal penalty tax. If you have rolled your 401(k) funds to an IRA, the rules are the same: age 59 1/2 is the earliest you can withdraw funds from an IRA account and pay no early withdrawal penalty tax.

Before tapping into your 401(k), be sure to review the rules governing this age-55 liquidity provision:

Have a 401(k) retirement account? Wondering when and how you can start tapping into your tax-free savings? Different rules apply at different ages. The lower your age, the fewer your options, especially if you're not yet retired. This can be frustrating if you need the money for non-retirement expenses, but the idea of a 401(k) is to ensure you're financially solvent when you retire.

Keep your style consistent

Index Definition | Stock Market Definitions | Market News Video
Index Definition | Stock Market Definitions | Market News Video

» MORE: Best options trading brokers and platforms

Let’s say you’re right, and XYZ’s stock price rises to $100. Your option is, in options-speak, “in the money.” For a call option, that means the share price on the open market is higher than the option’s strike price. (For a put option to be in the money, the share price must be lower than the strike price.)

If anything you’ve read so far gives you pause — the amount of capital required to trade options, the complexity of predicting multiple moving parts, the reliance on timing — that’s a good thing. That’s exactly what brokers require potential options investors to do before awarding a permission slip to start trading options.

When you buy an option, you’re purchasing a contract to buy or sell a stock, usually 100 shares of the stock per contract, at a pre-negotiated price by a certain date. In order to place the trade, you must make three strategic choices:

First, the good news: When you buy a put or call option, you are in no way obligated to follow through on the trade. If your assumptions about the time frame and direction of XYZ’s trajectory are incorrect — if the stock never rises above $90 or if it drops below your strike price — your losses are limited to a maximum of the $308.70 you paid for the contract and trading fees.

The bad news, as you probably guessed: When your prediction doesn’t pan out during the time frame specified in your contract, the option expires worthless. Or, in the gentler terms of option traders, it’s out of the money.

Stock Market Terminology Infographic
Stock Market Terminology Infographic

Learn what a LEAP option is and how it compares to regular-term equity options.

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Commodity Trading Platform

The value is displayed as a hexadecimal number. The precision specifier indicates the number of characters to be displayed, with leading zeros added to the beginning as needed.

The fact of the matter is that computers don’t need – and don’t want – nicely-formatted, easy-to-read numbers. For computers users, however, it’s a very different story. Numbers like 19385790464 aren’t very useful to us; far more useful are numbers like this:

The value is displayed using the number of digits in the precision specifier; if needed, leading zeroes are added to the beginning of the number.

In other words, we’re going to get back one of those nicely-formatted numbers we’ve all been wishing for.

In 1995 Norman Ramsey at Bell Communications Research and Mary F. Fernandez at Department of Computer Science, Princeton University developed The New Jersey Machine-Code Toolkit that had the basic tools for static assembly translation. 9

For instance, a successful x86-to-x64 static recompilation was generated for the procedural terrain generator of the video game Cube World in 2014. 6

Another example is the NES-to-x86 statically recompiled version of the videogame Super Mario Bros. which was generated under usage of LLVM in 2013. 7

In 2014, an ARM architecture version of the 1998 video game StarCraft was generated by static recompilation and additional reverse engineering of the original x86 version. 1 2 The Pandora handheld community was capable of developing the required tools 3 on their own and achieving such translations successfully several times. 4 5

Dynamic binary translation looks at a short sequence of code—typically on the order of a single basic block—then translates it and caches the resulting sequence. Code is only translated as it is discovered and when possible, and branch instructions are made to point to already translated and saved code (memoization).

Motivation for using the complex process of binary translation is either that a compilation of the source code to the destination platform or instruction set is not available (or technically problematic) or when the source code is plainly not available anymore (Abandonware).

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